Westside (1989): a complete departure, a Wild West-themed slab serif on the French Clarendon model. Adrian Frutiger was born on May 24, 1928 and is a very famous Swiss typographer who has created more than 60 fonts in his career. There he created some of his earliest fonts, among them Président, Méridien, and Ondine.  Frutiger described the process of restoring Univers as a "personal gift. Adrian Johann Frutiger was a Swiss typeface designer who influenced the direction of type design in the second half of the 20th century. Mini Bio (1) Adrian Frutiger was born on May 24, 1928 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland. Spoons and letters are tools. Raph Levien described as a "Frutiger trademark" his common use of an "a" where the loop makes a horizontal line at the top on meeting the vertical. Frutiger decided to adapt Concorde using legibility research as a guide, and titled the new design Roissy. , Frutiger spent most of his professional career working in Paris and living in France, returning to Switzerland later in life. Fretz in Zürich, Switzerland. I didn't have the strength and patience anymore. The "way-finding-signage" commission brief required a typeface both legible from afar and from an angle. He died on September 10, 2015 in Bremgarten, Bern. In 1970, Frutiger was asked to design signage at the new Charles de Gaulle Airport in the Roissy suburb of Paris.  He married the theologian Simone Bickel in 1955. Versailles is a Latin design with sharp wedge serifs, based on a popular genre in 19th-century printing. It is based on the Kufi style. Originally, the institute was named National Design Institute, however, the institute renamed itself to match Adrian Frutiger's stylized NID logotype alongside the name "National Institute of Design. ): Friedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. , Charles Peignot, of the Paris foundry Deberny et Peignot, recruited Frutiger based upon the quality of the illustrated essay Schrift / Écriture / Lettering: the development of European letter types carved in wood, Frutiger's final project at the Kunstgewerbeschule Zürich. The resultant face has a tall x-height and is legible in small-point sizes. | Frutiger disliked the regimentation of Futura, and persuaded Peignot that the new sans-serif should be based on the realist (neo-grotesque) model. As a youth he wanted to be a sculptor, but his father discouraged him from taking up an insecure trade. Official Sites. Parts of this design were finalised by Linotype's team; it was based on an alphabet drawn by Frutiger on a 1992 Christmas card.  The response to Univers was immediate and positive; he claimed it became the model for his future typefaces. His interest in sculpturing was not met with very encouraging views by his father and teachers. Adrian Frutiger was born on May 24, 1928 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland. , In 2009, Frutiger collaborated with Akira Kobayashi on a second re-release of Frutiger, Frutiger Neue, which moved back towards the original 1970s release..  Frutiger's 1991 release Linotype Didot was an elegant revival of the Didot typeface adapted to display use, which remains popular; it is the version of Didot bundled with OS X, for example. A calligraphic, informal, script face, Ondine ("wave" in French), also was released in 1954. , Frutiger is an amalgamation of Univers tempered with organic influences of the Gill Sans, a humanist sans-serif typeface by Eric Gill, Edward Johnston's type for the London Transport, and Roger Excoffon's Antique Olive: like Univers it uses a single-story 'g', unlike the double of Gill Sans, and has square dots on the letters, but has a generally humanist design with wide apertures to increase legibility, decided on after legibility research. The second digit indicates the face-width and either roman or oblique. He later also created Frutiger Stones (no connection to Frutiger), a playful design inspired by the shapes of pebbles. Disappointed by the standard of mental health care at the time, Frutiger and his wife founded the Fondation Adrian et Simone Frutiger to fund psychology and neuroscience research and developments in mental health support. At the very young age, he began experimenting with stylized handwriting and invented scripts, defying the formal, cursive penmanship then taught at Swiss schools. His father and his secondary school teachers encouraged him to pursue an apprenticeship rather than pure art. Collaborating with Linotype designer Akira Kobayashi, Frutiger expanded the Avenir font family with light weights, heavy weights, and a condensed version that were released as the Avenir Next font. , Frutiger's 1984 typeface Versailles is an old-style serif text with capitals like those in the earlier Président. It can be read by machines as well as humans, and is used on checks. " From a different perspective, type designer Martin Majoor commented that he preferred the italic but described Linotype Univers as "staggering" and "not an improvement" for its return to the very aggressively slanted italic of Frutiger's original drawings: "Redesigning an old successful typeface is something a type designer should maybe never consider. Schweiz. Univers was reissued as Linotype Univers with sixty-three variants; Frutiger was reissued as Frutiger Next with additional weights. In the late 1990s, Frutiger began collaborating on refining and expanding his most famous Univers, Frutiger, and Avenir families. Based on sketches from the 1980s and developed in collaboration with Akira Kobayashi. , Adrian Frutiger was born in Unterseen, Canton of Bern, the son of a weaver. In the Univers font, Frutiger introduced his two-digit numeration; the first digit (3 though 8) indicates the weight, "3" the lightest, "8" the heaviest. His best-known fonts include Univers and Frutiger. In 1955, Méridien, a glyphic, old-style, serif text face was released. The whole point with type is for you not to be aware it is there. He died on September 10, 2015 in Bremgarten, Bern. Frutiger intended the design to be a more human version of geometric sans-serif types popular in the 1930s such as Erbar and Futura, and it is named Avenir ("future" in French) as a reference to the latter.. , At the age of sixteen, he was apprenticed for four years, as a compositor, to the printer Otto Schlaeffli in Interlaken, also taking classes in woodcuts and drawing at the Gewerbeschule in Bern under Walter Zerbe, followed by employment as a compositor at Gebr. He was a graphic designer who created some of the most widely used fonts of the 20th century, seen in airports, on street signs, and in subway stations around the world. In 1991, Frutiger finished Vectora, a design influenced by Morris Fuller Benton's type faces Franklin Gothic and News Gothic. Adrian Johann Frutiger (Swiss German pronunciation: [ˈfrutɪɡər]; 24 May 1928 – 10 September 2015) was a Swiss typeface designer who influenced the direction of type design in the second half of the 20th century. In this book, Frutiger discussed his entire career and his completed and abandoned projects. Until his death, he lived in Bremgarten bei Bern. Impressed by the success of the Bauer foundry's Futura typeface, Peignot encouraged a new, geometric sans-serif type in competition. Other Works Adrian Frutiger died on 10 September 2015 in Bremgarten bei Bern at the age of 87.. He graduated from the School of Applied Arts in Zurich. These included an adaptation of Univers for the Paris Métro, after the RATP, the public transport authority of Paris, asked Frutiger to examine the Paris Métro signage.  He created a Univers font variation — a set of capitals and numbers specifically for white-on-dark-blue backgrounds in poor light.  While Frutiger continued to be involved in adaptations and expansions of pre-existing families and smaller projects, he described Didot in 1998 as his "last typeface design"..  Students there studied monumental inscriptions from Roman forum rubbings. Extremely legible at a distance or at small size, Frutiger became hugely influential on the development of future humanist sans-serif typefaces; font designer Erik Spiekermann described it as "the best general typeface ever" while Steve Matteson described it as "the best choice for legibility in pretty much any situation" at small text sizes. After initially planning to train as a pastry chef, Frutiger secured an apprenticeship at the Otto Schlaefli printing house in Interlaken.  They had two daughters, who both experienced mental health problems and committed suicide as adolescents. Prominent users of Frutiger's typefaces include: In 2003, the Swiss watchmaker Ventura commissioned him to design a new watch face for a limited-edition line of wristwatches. He was married to Simone Huguette Bickel and Paulette Flückiger.  It makes use of narrow wedge serifs, a style sometimes known as Latin which Frutiger would often use in his future serif designs. |  Frutiger's intention was more unusual: to create a design that could be modified by computer, through extreme slanting, morphing or changing stroke width, without seeming as if it had been distorted.
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