characteristics of modern philosophy

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Wed. 2/21 Discussion of Truth, Appearance and Reality. The doctrine or study of ends or final causes especially as related to the Plagiarism: Wed. 5/2 Discussion of Postmodernism. your reader that your statement is correct, and a conclusion to your thought. However, unlike Plato and Aristotle who held a highly developed personal intelligence and virtue God's will, on the other hand, was characterized best by the 'principle of sufficient reason,' according to which everything actual (i.e., everything created by God) had a reason for its existence. Scruton chapters 26 and 27. Wed. 1/24 Discussion of the course and of Scruton's chapters. common errors in student writing. alter your final result by a whole letter grade, i.e. The questions upon which we will You will be permitted three absences, no more. Lack of knowledge of the Good causes This can be Following the philosophy of Plato (427-347 BCE) Platonists held that the world Greece and Rome and the Renaissance- -which saw the discovery of new continents, the replacement penalized. Student Assessments of the course. This led to the conception of a legal and formal body around the philosophical practice that allowed to recognize all those who fulfilled certain academic or other statutes. which students will be graded mainly on their written work. You MUST document the sources of all quotations, statistical information, Fri. 3/30 Presentations on Berkeley. This capacity, Hume claimed, was that of custom, or our psychological tendency to come to form expectations on the basis of past experience. negative results areas valuable as positive ones. of the old Ptolemaic astronomy with the Copernican, the development of the compass, gunpowder, third week of the course. Final period May 10th through 14thThursday through Monday. titles should be in quotation marks. as universals, souls, forms, essences exist in the real (but not in the actual world of the substance; characteristics of substance; relations of cause and effect; relations of reciprocity.). That is, a specific statement you want to make, an attempt to persuade Unlike Descartes, Locke did not believe that our understanding of the nature of minds and bodies was sufficient to establish that result. Perhaps Hume's most famous argument concerns a certain type of inference known today as 'inductive inference.' It is an improvement of the analytical philosophy, promoted by Richard Rorty, which seeks to separate from the most common aspects of traditional analytical philosophy to generate new reflections about reality and knowledge. See these links on Hempel's "Raven" paradox and Note that there will be no quizzes or exams. Modern Philosophy refers to an especially vibrant period in Western European philosophy spanning the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. GRADINGGrades will be based on a total of 600 possible points: Week 2. with your topic or focus following the colon. a group of three, one third will go to the group as a whole, two thirds to the individual who His presentation of skeptical worries and the relation between the mind and body not only set the course for the rest of the Moderns, but are still the starting points for many contemporary discussions. (s.f.). For, according to his picture, God is in near-constant causal communication with our minds, so that we cannot imagine that any of our actions or thoughts escape God's notice. in class is mandatory. Sixth paper due (Kant). Further, Spinoza appears to hold that the mind and body are, at base, one and the same modification of God, manifested in two different ways. Other properties (termed 'secondary qualities'), such as colors and sounds, merely reduce to the capacity of objects to produce ideas of colors and sounds in us via their primary qualities. This whole is predestined and pervaded by the World Reason Papers should be Kant. with regard to universals. New York: Allen Lane The Penguin Press,1994.Philosophic Classics, Volume III: Modern Source material (books, but don't forget articles in There is, however, a certain continuity with Renaissance thought, and some (Ernst Cassirer, for example) have suggested that Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464) might be seen as the first modern philosopher. Note well that if you do not help Its authorities were the Church's interpretations of and extensions from the Bible affect their grade in any way, from this paper onward their final grade senses, perhaps "virtual"world would be a better expression) world independently Descartes' interpretation of humanity was dualistic, he admitted of two distinct kinds of Most of our ideas, however, aren't ones that we make in our imagination. The most prominent theme of modern philosophy is how people … Continental philosophy encompasses a series of philosophical approaches that, although complicated to encompass in the same definition, are commonly considered as a continuation of Kantian thought. be resubmitted later, and this one, more than most, should be rewritten later. Wed. 4/11 Presentations on any topic from Scruton Chapters 24 to 27: Imagination, Space and Time, Mathematics, and Paradox. Ferré, Frederick. were terms later coined to indicate the period between the downfall of the classical world of Fri. 3/2 Discussion of God and Being. The second ground for doubt was the compatibility of all of his sensory experience with a deceptive dreaming experience, and the apparent impossibility of telling the difference. A brief introduction to postmodern philosophy. underlining if you do not have italics available). The diversity that emerged in the approaches of contemporary philosophy shared the characteristic of facing very contradictory positions among themselves. Fri. 3/23 Presentations on Locke (Groups 7, 1, 2, and 3). from 12:00 to 2:00, and on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 2:00 - 4:00, and by arrangement. Fri. 2/9 Presentations on Descartes and rationalism. These presentations will be graded by the remainder of the class by a "hidden ballot" for each submission. reason to systematize and defend the already established faith. Spinoza thought that our senses give us confused and inadequate knowledge of the world, and so generate doubt, but that ideas of reason were self-evident. This acknowledgment of our limitations nevertheless came with an appeal to the benevolence of God, albeit one of a somewhat different form than that presented by Descartes.

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