chrysanthemum indicum description

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It must be grown outside under sunlight with moist soil. (20) (31) It can handle temperatures down to −10 °C (14 °F). (10) / doi: 10.2147/IJN.S53546 / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0812.1256 • Biosorption / Nickel: Study evaluated the biosorption capability of C. indicum to remove nickel ions from aqueous solution in a fixed-bed column. • Anxiolytic / Flowers: Study investigated the anxiolytic-like effects of water extract from dried flowers of C. indicum using elevated plus-maze test in mice. Often shortened to mums, chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum x morifolium) are popular and colorful perennials that come in many colors and a variety of sizes. / Gao MH, Li H, Zhang L, Xiao SX. Leaves: alternate, deeply lobed and irregularly toothed. (45) • Anti-Inflammatory / Effect on Oxidative Stress: • Antioxidant / Prevention of DNA Damage / Flowers: S. Shanthakumar / Water Science & Technology, Volume 77, Issue 6, Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Chrysanthemum indicum Water Extract in RAW 264.7 Cell as a Whole Plant, Antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts from 12 Chinese edible flowers in vitro and in vivo, Chemical (23)   (15) Chrysanthemum indicum ethanolic extract inhibits invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma via regulation of MMP/TIMP balance as therapeutic target / Wang Z D et al / Oncol Rep. 2010 Feb;23(2):413-21 • Topical Application Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis: Study evaluated the effect of topically applied C. indicum in mice with atopic dermatitis-like symptoms. A member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, the Chrysanthemum is related to dahlias, sunflowers, marigolds, zinnias, and cosmos. Antioxidant activity was highly correlated with phenolic and flavonoid contents. (42) • Comparative Antioxidant Activities of Flowers: Study evaluated the antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts of 12 Chinese edible flowers in four different antioxidant models. Stems are glabrous. App. Induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human HCC MHCC97H cells with Chrysanthemum indicum extract. Sources and Suggested Readings (18) Study yielded acaiin and acacetin-7-O-ß-D-galactopyranoside as active compounds responsible for the AChE inhibition which present as potential therapeutic agents for Alzheimer's disease. 22380-22383. (41) Results suggest MCI could induce apoptosis through inhibition of the JAK1/2 and STAT3 signaling pathways. Antimicrobial / Essential Oils: Study (5) (16) Topical Application of Chrysanthemum indicum L. Attenuates the Development of Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions by Suppressing Serum IgE Levels, IFN-γ, and IL-4 in Nc/Nga Mice / Sunmin Park, Jung Bok Lee, and Suna Kang / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2012 (2012) / http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/821967 Availability (38) • Mosquito Control / Larvicidal: Study evaluated crude aqueous extracts of 36 plants for larvicidal properties. (2) Effect of total flavonoids of Chrysanthemum indicum on the apoptosis of synoviocytes in joint of adjuvant arthritis rats / Chen XY et al / Am J Chin Med. composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Chrysanthemum Leaves of Chrysanthemum indicum showed 100% mortality at 2 ml at 72 hours for Aedes mosquito genera. Mums are easy-to-grow, herbaceous perennials that can live for years and continue to bloom. • Antioxidant / Prevention of Radical-Induced DNA Damage / Flowers: Ethanol-based extract of flowers prevented free radical-induced DNA damage and did not show any cytotoxicity. (39) yielded three essential oils with major constituents of 1,8-cineole, camphor, borneol and bornyl acetate. December 2013, 16(12): 1086-1094 doi:10.1089/jmf.2012.2674. Chrysanthemum indicum / Synonyms / The Plant List (2015) 12:1211–1222 / DOI 10.1007/s13762-013-0488-5. Improvement with CIL-high was similar to hydrocortisone but without skin atrophy and secondary infection. A pot mum for all seasons. (7) Findings suggest a further evaluation and a potential for linarin for the treatment and prevention of lung cancer. 7 (26) 2005 Oct 3;101(1-3):334-7. (27) (36) There was no cytotoxicity on chang normal liver cell. All four compounds showed moderate to potent activity against Aß-aggregation with EC50s of 4.3, 15.8, 1.3 and 2.9 µM, respectively. Countless horticultural varieties and cultivars exist. Bioassay guided separation yielded flavone and flavone glycosides and three new eudesman-type The ethanolic extract showed anxiolytic activity in dosages around 250 and 500 mg/kg. Anxiolytic-Like Effects of Chrysanthemum indicum Aqueous Extract in Mice: Possible Involvement of GABAA Receptors and 5-HT1A Receptors / Sa-Ik Hong, Seung-Hwan Kwon, Min-Jung Kim, Shi-Xun Ma, Je-Won Kwon, Seung-Min Choi, Soo-Im Choi, Sun-Yeou Kim, Seok-Yong Lee, and Choon-Gon Jang* / Biomol Ther (Seoul) 2012; 20(4): 413-417 According to the invention, extracts of CI may be obtained from flowers, leaves, stems, roots, or all bodies of C. indicum, but most preferably flowers or leaves. • Anti-Inflammatory: Study showed C indicum extract to be an effective anti-inflammatory agent in murine phorbol ester-induced dermatitis and suggests a potential for treatment of immune-related cutaneous diseases. / World J Gastroenterol. 47(3) 340—345 (1999) Vol. Medicinal Flowers. sesquiterpenes. • Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma: CI extract exerted a significant apoptotic effect through a mitochondrial pathway and arrested the cell cycle by regulation of cell-cycle related proteins. The ethanol based extract prevented free radical induced DNA damage. / Neural Regen Res 2016;11:270-7 / http://www.nrronline.org/text.asp?2016/11/2/270/177735 Comparative Study of Phytochemical Constituents in Flower of Wedelia trilobata, Achyranthes aspera and Chrysanthemum from Durg District of Chhattisgarh, India / Nisreen Husain* and Anil Kumar / Int. • 2,5-Diarylpyrazole Derivative / Flavonoid / Potential for Alzheimer's Disease: Study isolated four new 3,5-diarylpyrazole analogues (1-4) from a flower extract of C. indicum. (34) Induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human HCC MHCC97H cells with Chrysanthemum indicum extract. Results suggest luteolin may help prevent gout by controlling uric acid. (26) Of these, sudachitin, chrysoeriol and acacetin exerted significant cytotoxicity and clearly suppressed constitutive STAT3 activation, and induced apoptosis. Methanol extract effect was similar to kojic acid, a known tyrosinase inhibitor. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. The highest activities by TAC, ORAC, SHRC, and SSARC were seen in L. japonica, R. rugosa, and Chrysanthemum indicum. (35) • Anti-Inflammatory: Study suggest the anti-inflammatory properties of CIE might results from the inhibition of inflammatory mediators, such as NO, PGE2, TNF-alpha and IL01beta, via suppression of MAPKs and NF-kappaB-dependent pathways. Technol. Results suggest a potential alternative for the treatment of AD. Bull. Of the three, Chrysanthemum flowers were the richest sources of bioactive compounds. Results suggest CIE alleviated oxidative stress and inflammatory responses and presents a potential for clinical treatments of rheumatoid arthritis. The Impacts of Chrysanthemum indicum Extract on Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Responses in Adjuvant-Induced Arthritic Rats / Mei Dong, Dongsheng Yu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, and Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol 2017 (2017) / I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, from the Flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum L. Analysis of chemical composition of Chrysanthenum indicum flowers by GC/MS and HPLC, ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL AND OXIDATIVE DNA DAMAGE PREVENTIVE ACTIVITY OFÂ, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00644.x, Continuous biosorption of nickel from aqueous solution usingÂ, A Study on the Antifungal Effect of Chrysanthemum Indicum Flower Decoction on an in Vitro Culture of Candida Albicans, ANXIOLYTIC EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF FLOWERS OFÂ, Comparative Study of Phytochemical Constituents in Flower of Wedelia trilobata, Achyranthes aspera and Chrysanthemum from Durg District of Chhattisgarh, India, Insecticidal activity of chrysanthemum indicum against red cotton bug, dysdercus cingulatus fab, http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0812.1256, Composition containing chrysanthemum indicum l. extract for preventing discolorationÂ, Plant diversity for mosquito control: A preliminary study, Anxiolytic-Like Effects of Chrysanthemum indicum Aqueous Extract in Mice: Possible Involvement of GABAA Receptors and 5-HT1A Receptors, http://www.nrronline.org/text.asp?2016/11/2/270/177735, 3,5-Diarylpyrazole Derivatives Obtained by Ammonolysis of the Total Flavonoids fromÂ, Luteolin-rich chrysanthemum ower extract suppresses baseline serum uric acid in Japanese subjects with mild hyperuricemia, Beneficial effect of total flavonoids of Chrysanthemum indicum on adjuvant arthritis by induction of apoptosis of synovial fibroblasts, Chrysanthemum indicum L. extract induces apoptosis through suppression of constitutive STAT3 activation in human prostate cancer DU145 cells.Â.

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