Cycladic figures often had facial features, hair, or jewelry added in paint. It is uncertain whether such generic images depict human beings or deities, but the nude female figures are probably linked with fertility and the life cycle, a central spiritual concern in the ancient Mediterranean. The text on this page is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, unless otherwise noted. Doumas, Christos G. Silent Witnesses: Early Cycladic Art of the Third Millennium B.C., exh. 98-99; p. 168, checklist #15; pls. This figure with crossed arms is typical of the sculpture of the Cyclades in the mid-2000s B.C. Period: Early Cycladic II. Credit Line: Gift of Christos G. Bastis, 1968. This image is available for download, without charge, under the Getty's Open Content Program. The name derives from the Greek word for circle, kyklos, as the Ancient Greeks believed they formed a circle around the sacred island of Delos. Date: 2600–2400 B.C. The sculptor takes his name from a figure once in the Schuster collection, the only surviving unbroken figure by this artist. Those with known archaeological contexts come mainly from graves. Our tall Female figurine of the Spedos variety seems to be gazing upwards, which is a posture not uncommon among Cycladic figurines. This nearly complete figure features stylistic traits of both the Spedos and Dokathismata types (see examples of the Spedos and Dokathismata varieties), such as the exaggerated curve of the top of the head, the deep groove between the legs, prominent nose, and wide shoulders. This information is published from the Museum's collection database. The recognition of different artistic personalities in Cycladic sculpture is based upon recurring systems of proportion and details of execution. Not on view due to temporary Getty closure, Attributed to the Schuster Master (Cycladic, active about 2400 B.C. Personal Styles in Early Cycladic Sculpture (Madison: 2001), pp. The Schuster Master also preferred to show his figures with a slightly swelling belly, probably indicating pregnancy. Attributed to the Bastis Master. This figure is attributed to the Schuster Master, who was active sometime in the period around 2400 B.C. In fact, there is a great variety of poses and some really fun examples too. Like the vast majority of Cycladic figurines, it clearly shows a female. The text on this page is licensed under a, All Getty Research Institute Publications, Conservation Perspectives, The GCI Newsletter, GCI Reference Collection (for materials analysis), Research Assistance at GCI Information Center, Links to Cultural Heritage Policy Documents, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF), Onassis Cultural Center (New York), April 4 to June 30, 2002, The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 11 to May 4, 2003. Scholars have divided Early Cycladic sculpture into groups or types indicating stylistic and chronological developments. Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit. "Cycladic Art at the Getty." Archeological News 17, nos. This figure with crossed arms is typical of the sculpture of the Cyclades in the mid-2000s B.C. Figurines of this type, from the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, have been found almost exclusively in tombs. By Celia Romani. Theodorou, J. "Acquisitions/1990." 1-4 (1992), p. 41. Scholars have divided Early Cycladic sculpture into groups or types indicating stylistic and chronological developments. Accession Number: 68.148 Like all artists at this early period, the Schuster Master's real name is unknown, and he is identified only by the style of his work.  Artistic growth and development in the Cyclades was centered around the main four islands, Paros, Naxos, Keros, and Thera, and was spurred … ), 40.6 × 13.2 × 5 cm (16 × 5 3/16 × 1 15/16 in.). To avoid potential data charges from your carrier, we recommend making sure your device is connected to a Wi-Fi network before downloading. The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 19 (1991), p. 138, no. Cycladic figures come from a grouping of islands known as the Cyclades located in the Aegean Sea. 14. Over a dozen figures have been assigned to him. 82c, 83c, 85c1. They may have been meant to lie on their backs, as their folded arms suggest repose. Although they hardly appear voluptuous or especially sexualised to the modern eye, most of the figurines are identifiable as women, indicated typically by the presence of breasts and a pubic triangle. In ceremonial use however, the figures would have been held or carried upright in procession. Updates and additions stemming from research and imaging activities are ongoing, with new content added each week. Robin Symes, Limited, founded 1977, dissolved 2005 (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1990. Birge, D. "Field Notes." Abstract in form, small breasts and an incised pubic triangle identify the vast majority of Cycladic figures as female. Schuster Master (Cycladic, active about 2400 B.C.) cat. 90.AA.114. The Greek American (July 25, 1992), ill. p. 8. 33. Hundreds of fragments were found in a sanctuary on the island of Keros, deliberately shattered and ritually discarded. Other scholars focus on the transcendental character of the statuettes and the overwhelming bias of Cycladic art towards female representations and attempt to explain them as symbols of a mother-goddess, associated with fertility and rebirth, conductors of souls, apotropaic images, divine nurses or even worshipers; some of those sharing this view suggest that the primary use of the figurines may … 40.6 × 13.2 × 5 cm (16 × 5 3/16 × 1 15/16 in.) Sculptors living on different islands produced marble figurines in a similar style but with distinctive variations. (62.79 cm) Classification: Stone Sculpture. Description. All of the figures display a head with a broad curving top and a crescent-shaped ridge at the back, a long aquiline nose, and well-defined knees. You may view this object in Mirador – a IIIF-compatible viewer – by clicking on the IIIF icon below the main image, or by dragging the icon into an open IIIF viewer window. Dimensions: H. 24 3/4 in. Title: Marble female figure. Red pigment on the forehead, however, is all that remains of this figure’s original surface decoration. The J. Paul Getty Museum Calendar (Winter 1991/1992), under "Bronze Age Sculptiure" ill. Getz-Gentle, Pat. Most figures cannot stand, as their feet and toes point downward. Images and other media are excluded. Help us improve our records by sharing your corrections or suggestions. Although it was first believed that these so-called "idols" represent deities, they probably should be interpreted more broadly as representations of "femaleness." Some also have an accentuated belly, most likely portraying pregnancy. The content on this page is available according to the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) specifications. Female Figure. Within Cycladic culture, the figures’ role and meaning remain elusive. Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), April 9-June 15, 2002 (New York: Onassis Foundation, 2002), p. 87, no. Medium: Marble. Abstract in form, small breasts and an incised pubic triangle identify the vast majority of Cycladic figures as female. Object Description. Culture: Cycladic. Open Content images tend to be large in file-size.
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