And some, pastors and teachers, τοὺς δὲ ποιμένας καὶ διδασκάλους. It is probable the peculiar office of those here termed teachers, as distinguished from those called pastors, was to instruct the young and ignorant in the first principles of the Christian religion. Some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers.âIn these two phrases (corresponding to the simple word âteachersâ in 1Corinthians 12:28) we find described the two-fold office of the regular ministry of the Churchâfirst, to preach the gospel to the heathen or the unconverted, and next, to fulfil our Lordâs pastoral charge (John 21:15-17) of feeding and shepherding those who are already His sheep. Ephesians 4:14-16 Bible Study Questions, Ephesians 4:11-14 Chart: Equipping of the Saints The gift of teaching seems valid for the day since the elder is supposed to be apt to teach. People in the construction business know that a foundation is of the utmost importance. Ephesians 5:25 Marital Love because the nouns ["pastor" and "teacher"] are plural, it is extremely unlikely that they refer to the same group, but only that the apostle Paul is linking them closely together. The revelation enjoyed by apostles was communicated also to prophets, Ephesians 3:5. (Ibid), Matthew 8:17 This was to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet: "HE HIMSELF TOOK OUR INFIRMITIES AND CARRIED AWAY OUR DISEASES. They seem to have been travelling missionaries, not ‘vicars of the Apostles,’ such as Timothy and Titus (as Calvin held). You even do the lessons together (thus there are no excuses for not doing the lesson). 3. Barnabas and Paul were both called apostles. I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book. The prophets are most likely not for today either. τοὺς ΄ὲν ἀποστόλους] some as apostles. But the attempt proved to be a failure. A verse by verse study of Ephesians 4:11-32, where Paul writes about the need for growth and maturity of all Christians, forever putting away their former conduct. Many places around the world today are very similar scenes with the early church. One key aspect that shapes the gifting is the kind of ministry involved. (MacDonald, W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson), John Stott has written that “Nothing is more necessary for the building up of God’s church in every age than an ample supply of God-gifted teachers. We are good stewards when we understand and cooperate with Christ’s purpose. Paul to Timothy to faithful (trustworthy) men to "others also". See on 1 Peter 5:2; see on Matthew 2:6. were commissioned by Christ Himself; (2.) The ποιμένες and διδάσκαλοι are distinguished from the former orders as being connected with particular churches, resident and not missionary or itinerant. John MacArthur - Pastors translates poimen, whose normal meaning is shepherd, It emphasizes the care, protection and leadership of the man of God for the flock. Deceit If the smallest wheel in a watch fails to do its part, the watch stops. Luke 6:23 "Be glad in that day and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven. (M R De Haan II), God's Word was given for our good Matthew's use of poimen is instructive recording that Jesus... seeing the multitudes, He felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and downcast like sheep without a shepherd. Ephesians 2:3 C) Man's Heart τοὺς δὲ προφήτας. And he said, "I am not." Yet there are Christians four or five years old who are no farther on than when they were born. Apostles planted and prophets watered; the germs engrafted by the one were nurtured and matured by the other. 21:26; Lk 1:76; (d) of prophets in the churches, e.g., Acts 13:1; 15:32; 21:10; 1Cor 12:28, 29; 14:29, 32, 37; Eph. of all the nations (Mt 28:19a). Further, he was usually, if not always, itinerant. p. 329). It is therefore impossible to understand or accept the New Testament apart from the Old....The phrase the Law and the Prophets, however, was always understood to refer to the Jewish Scriptures themselves, not the rabbinical interpretations. And where is a place that I may rest? That book is written by the apostles and prophets, and the church rests squarely upon that foundation. The prophet is a forth-teller, not necessarily a foreteller. Every pastor is a teacher, but not every teacher is a pastor. Luke 16:16 "The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John; since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is forcing his way into it. Their ministry ended when the foundation of the church was laid, and when the NT canon was completed. Why does God go out of His way to form these instructors? The word is from phemi, to speak, and pro, before, in front of. or exhortation . Ephesians 2:20; Ephesians 3:5), and in a way to indicate direct inspiration, this office also is to be regarded as extraordinary; any claim that it has been restored must be sustained by abundant proofs of such inspiration. The Greek article translated "the" occurs only before "pastor." Some, apostles.âThe name âapostlesâ is certainly used here in its technical and restricted sense, as applying to the Twelve, whom âthe Apostleâ of God Himself (Hebrews 3:1) named as His Apostles (Luke 6:13), and with whom St. Paul claims equality (see 1Corinthians 9:1; 1Corinthians 15:9-11; Galatians 1:1) on the ground of his own special mission and revelation from the same Lord. Accordingly the Church, or he who represents the rights and duties of the Church, never has to choose the subjects arbitrarily, but to know and recognize those endowed by Christ as those given by Him, and to place them in the ministry; hence the highest idea of the ecclesiastical examination is to test whether those concerned are given by Christ,—without prejudice, however, to other requisites which are matters of ecclesiastical polity.’.
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