." ." Isabella at first approved of his plans to fund further discoveries with slavery. For seven years, a colourful Genoese sailor called Christopher Columbus had been in and out of Isabella’s court, hawking plans for a voyage into the unknown – by sailing west across the ocean to what he assumed would be the coast of Asia. By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions. She was the daughter of John II of Castile and his second wife Isabel of Portugal. She was happy to put her claim to the throne to the ultimate test – on the battlefield where, it was accepted, God chose the winners. ISABELLA OF CASTILE (1451–1504), queen of Castile and joint ruler of Aragón. Isabella I of Castile: Europe’s greatest queen? Isabel I was born in medieval Castile; s…, Ferdinand V (1452-1516), or Ferdinand the Catholic, and his wife, Isabella I, were joint sovereigns of Castile. The focus of world power, trade and technological progress moved slowly to the Atlantic rim. Those who knew Isabella, however, were already aware of how single-minded, even stubborn, she was. No one dared challenge her again. She was no frontline warrior herself – as a traditionalist, she saw that as man’s work – but she enjoyed the challenges of warfare and became her own army’s quartermaster-general and armourer, plotting campaigns alongside Ferdinand.  After she died, her daughter Joanna of Castile became queen. Many were forced to convert to Christianity, and these ‘new Christians’ – called marranos, or pigs, by ‘old Christians’ – become the target of racially inspired hate. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/isabella-i. She was an ‘Iron Queen’, as tough and determined as other female leaders who gained similar nicknames. Isabella I was a Queen of Castile and León who lived between the middle of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th centuries. Our best wishes for a productive day. She was a constitutional monarch, the figurehead ‘leader’ of one of the most advanced democracies of the time. Queen Isabella was a strict Catholic and, amongst contemporaries, was noted for her ‘virtue and fear of God’. . Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat: what happened next? The official website for BBC History Magazine, BBC History Revealed and BBC World Histories Magazine, Save over 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed gift subscription, Isabella I was one half of a 15th-century power couple that united Spain and helped propel the west towards global dominance. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. In the ensuing civil war Juana was supported by a cross section of the great nobles as well as by the Portuguese king, Alfonso V. Alfonso's army was defeated at the battle of Toro in 1476, and he made peace with the Catholic Monarchs (as the pair were styled) in 1479. She and her husband, Ferdinand V, founded the modern Spanish state. As empress and autocrat of All the Russias, after ousting her own husband in a coup, she pushed Russia’s frontiers south to the Black Sea and west into Poland. Catherine de' Medici (1519-1589) was a Machiavellian politician, wife of Henry II of France, and later rege…, Isabella Clara Eugenia of Austria (1566–1633), Isabella Leonarda (real name, Isabella Calegari), Isabella of Castile 1451–1504 Spanish Queen, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/isabella-i, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/isabella-i, The Rise of Monarchies: France, England, and Spain. One of the best biographical histories of the Catholic Monarchs remains William Prescott, History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella (3 vols., 1838; new rev. He was not the first European to reach the Americas (Nordic sailors had done so before), but Isabella was the first monarch to claim land and order that it be colonised. Queen Isabella I of Castile (1451 – 1504) was an influential monarch who helped to unite the different regions of Spain and make Spain a leading power in Europe and the Americas. After a war, Isabella became queen. Isabella of Castile (22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) was a queen of Castile and León. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/isabella-i. With Juana sequestered in a convent, the crucial step in the formation of a united Spain had been taken. Her three other daughters were sent abroad (with Catherine of Aragon marrying first Arthur, Prince of Wales, and then his brother, Henry VIII). Nicknamed ‘The Impotent’, he suffered a form of gigantism, known as acromegaly, which meant that he grew oversized hands and feet as well as thick facial features. It was one of the few moral issues to weigh on her conscience. Isabella was Europe’s first truly great queen regnant – the founding member of a small club of women whose influence spread well beyond their country’s borders and which includes England’s Elizabeth I and Victoria, the Russian empresses Catherine the Great and Elizabeth, as well as Maria Theresa of Austria. In their time, the Americas were called “The New World”. She and her husband, Ferdinand V, founded the modern Spanish state. A vivid biographical treatment of the royal couple is in Townsend Miller, The Castles and the Crown: Spain, 1451-1555 (1963). An angry Henry reversed a decision to make her his heiress – naming his daughter Juana ‘la Beltraneja’ instead. Few of those who watched Isabella process through Segovia would have foreseen this. You can unsubscribe at any time. She built up a contingent of artillery so powerful that it turned the art of medieval warfare on its head. Soon it would have the first empire of lands on which, as England’s lord high chancellor Francis Bacon commented, “the sun never sets… but ever shines upon one part or other of them: which, to say truly, is a beam of glory”. . © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Everything you ever wanted to know about... Game of Queens: when women ruled Renaissance Europe, Henry VIII’s six wives in a different light, Alison Weir on Katherine of Aragon’s failed pregnancies, Monarchy timeline: from the Middle Ages to the modern era, Power plays and scheming queens: the ancient history behind Game of Thrones, Queen Victoria timeline: 9 milestones in the monarch’s life, Lucy Worsley on Queen Victoria: your questions answered. Her mother was Isabella of Portugal and her dad was John the II of Castile. They united the lands of Castile and Aragon into present-day Spain. She hated her half-brother for dragging her to his court as a child, after being “inhumanely and forcibly torn from our mother’s arms”. It was also a punishing, nomadic way of life. Yet the paucity of Grandees (Castile’s grandiose, self-regarding magnates) and powerful bishops in Segovia that day proved that she had few backers. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Yet Victoria had relatively little to do with achieving this. The eldest of these – Juana ‘The Mad’ – fought with her mother and looked set to turn the crown of Castile over to her Habsburg husband, Philip the Handsome, Duke of Burgundy.
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