Library of Congress. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Montesquieu’s full name is baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu—popularly known as Montesquieu. In 1721 Montesquieu published Lettres persanes (Persian Letters, 1722), a brilliant satirical portrait of French, particularly Parisian, civilization, supposedly as seen through the eyes of two Persian travelers. In Vienna he met the soldier and statesman Prince Eugene of Savoy and discussed French politics with him. Marie-Louise Dufrenoy, L’Orient romanesque en France (1704-1789), 3 vols., Montreal: Beauchemin (vols. Charles Louis Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu (1689-1755), whose name is usually shortened to Montesquieu, was a French philosopher and author, who is considered one of the founders of sociology as a scholarly discipline. Updates? with a long noble ancestry, and his mother, Marie Françoise de Pesnel, who died when Charles Louis was seven, was an heiress (a woman with a large monetary inheritance) who … This official recognition of his talent might have caused him to remain in Paris to enjoy it. 7-11,127-125, 275-276. http://montesquieu.ens-lyon.fr/spip.php?article902, http://montesquieu.ens-lyon.fr/spip.php?rubrique153. 144-174. . She brought to her husband a great increase in wealth in the valuable wine-producing property of La Brède. A second major work is De l’esprit des lois, an extensive study of the government of several countries, in which Montesquieu unfolds his ideas on statecraft and society. how to pronounce montesquieu's full name Posted on November 4, 2020 by While addressing French readers of his General Theory, John Maynard Keynes described Montesquieu as "the real French equivalent of Adam Smith, the greatest of your economists, head and shoulders above the physiocrats in penetration, clear-headedness and good sense (which are the qualities an economist … Author of. The work’s anonymity was soon penetrated, and Montesquieu became famous. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It was much patronized by the prominent families of Bordeaux, and the priests of the Oratory, to whom it belonged, provided a sound education on enlightened and modern lines. French political philosopher Montesquieu was best known for The Spirit of Laws (1748), one of the great works in the history of political theory and of jurisprudence. He left Juilly in 1705, continued his studies at the faculty of law at the University of Bordeaux, graduated, and became an advocate in 1708. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. He settled down to exercise his judicial function (engaging to this end in the minute study of Roman law), to administer his property, and to advance his knowledge of the sciences—especially of geology, biology, and physics—which he studied in the newly formed academy of Bordeaux. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He wrote an account of his travels as interesting as any other of the 18th century. In the anthology we include a fragment of Montesquieu’s epistolary novel Lettres persanes (1721; supplement 1754). Montesquieu, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat (noun) French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755) Montesquieu was sent in 1700 to the Collège de Juilly, close to Paris, which provided a sound education on enlightened and modern lines. He was presented at court, and he was received by the prince of Wales, at whose request he later made an anthology of French songs. He became a close friend of the dukes of Richmond and Montagu. He criticized French society and especially the excesses of absolutism. The novel Lettres persanes consists of the correspondence of the Persian notables Usbek and Rica, travelling to Europe, with several persons at home, especially the eunuch of the harem and some of the women. Montesquieu had a wide circle of acquaintances in England. The new ideas fermenting in Paris had received their most-scintillating expression. He became a Freemason. Louis Desgraves, Montesquieu, Fayard, Paris 1998. http://montesquieu.ens-lyon.fr/ (Société Montesquieu), http://montesquieu.ens-lyon.fr/spip.php?article902 (Collected works), http://montesquieu.ens-lyon.fr/spip.php?rubrique153 (Critical essays), Encounters with the Orient - University of Kent. Two years later he married Jeanne de Lartigue, a wealthy Protestant, who brought him a respectable dowry of 100,000 livres and in due course presented him with two daughters and a son, Jean-Baptiste. The school was the Collège de Juilly, close to Paris and in the diocese of Meaux. 3), 1946-1975. His father, Jacques de Secondat, belonged to an old military family of modest wealth that had been ennobled in the 16th century for services to the crown, while his mother, Marie-Françoise de Pesnel, was a pious lady of partial English extraction.
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