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None of Shaftesbury’s known friends was now safe in England. Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government, Preface, Chapters 1-2: Of the State of Nature, Chapters 3-4: Of the State of War and Of Slavery, Chapters 6-7: Of Paternal Power and of Political or Civil Society, Chapters 8-9: Of the Beginning of Political Societies, and Of the Ends of Political Society and Government, Chapters 10-11: Of the Forms of a Commonwealth, and Of the extent of the Legislative Power, Chapters 12-13: Of the Legislative, Executive, and Federative Power of the Commonwealth, and Of the Subordination of the Powers of the Commonwealth, Chapters 14-15: Of Prerogative and Of Paternal, Political, and Despotical Power (treated together), Chapter 16-17: Of Conquest, and Of Usurpation, Chapters 18-19: Of Tyranny, and Of the Dissolution of Government, Preface, Chapters 1–2: Of the State of Nature, Chapters 3–4: Of the State of War and Of Slavery, Chapters 6–7: Of Paternal Power and Of Political and Civil Society, Chapters 8–9: Of the Beginning of Political Societies, and Of the Ends of Political Society and Government, Chapters 10–11: Of the Forms of a Commonwealth, and Of the Extent of Legislative Power, Chapters 12–13: Of the Legislative, Executive, and Federative Power of the Commonwealth, and Of the Subordination of the Powers of the Commonwealth, Chapters 14–15: Of Prerogative and Of Paternal, Political, and Despotical Power (treated together), Chapters 16–17: Of Conquest, and Of Usurpation, Chapters 18–19: Of Tyranny, and Of the Dissolution of Government. The people gave up their freedom, and in turn, they expect the authority to act with the public good always in mind. 128. In the Second Treatise of Government, John Locke discusses men’s move from a state of nature characterized by perfect freedom and governed by reason to a civil government in which the authority is vested in a legislative and executive power. Locke's major work in this area was Two Treatises on Government, which was published anonymously in 1689. LitCharts Teacher Editions. His own experiences living in 17th century England gave him rich and incontrovertible evidence of that claim. Chapter VII: Of Political or Civil Society, Chapter VIII: Of the Beginning of Political Societies, Chapter IX: Of the Ends of Political Society and Government, Chapter X: Of the Forms of a Commonwealth, and Chapter XI: Of the Extent of Legislative Power, Chapter XII: Of the Legislative, Executive, and Federative Power of the Commonwealth, and Chapter XIII: Of the Subordination of the Powers of the Commonwealth, Chapter XIV: Of Prerogative, and Chapter XV: Of Paternal, Political, and Despotical Power, Considered Together, Chapter XVI: Of Conquest, and Chapter XVII: Of Usurpation, Chapter XIX: Of the Dissolution of Government, Read the Study Guide for Second Treatise of Government…, An Examination of Leviathan and The Second Treatise of Government, Individual Identity: Locke on the "Sameness of a Being", The Muddled Philosophy and Life of John Locke, View our essays for Second Treatise of Government…, Read the E-Text for Second Treatise of Government…, View Wikipedia Entries for Second Treatise of Government…. Locke claimed that there were natural rights, or entitlements human beings had merely because they were human, rights that no one could take away or rightfully eliminate. Being the property of God necessitates respect for all other men, as they are also His. What ideas did Thomas Jefferson borrow from John Locke? In the work Essays on the Law of Nature, unpublished in his lifetime, Locke also stressed that men had the obligation to obey their creator. If the legislative or executive powers act arbitrarily, erratically, or simply not at all, they are violating the bond of trust with the people and forsaking their claim to obedience and submission. The theory of government defended by Sir Robert Filmer, which Locke attacked in the First Treatise, held that: a) the king's authority/right to rule his subjects derives from the right that a father has to command obedience from his children, a right that … Du Bois, Quiz & Worksheet - Functionalism, Anomie and Division of Labor, Critical Thinking Skills for AP US History, AP U.S. History: Test-Taking Skills and Prep, Important Events Leading to the American Revolution, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Finding Good Online Homeschool Programs for the 2020-2021 School Year, Coronavirus Safety Tips for Students Headed Back to School, Parent's Guide for Supporting Stressed Students During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Ramon Barba: Biography, Contributions & Inventions, Effects of Development on Physiology & Pathophysiology, Implementing Risk Stratification in Clinical Practice, Evaluating the Impact of Clinical Nursing Specialist Practice on Systems of Care, Quiz & Worksheet - Paleolithic Period Weapons, Quiz & Worksheet - Situational Crime Prevention, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate.

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