Being one of the most commonly used theories, there are many scholars and theorists who contributed towards the idea of symbolic interactionism. As a result, people act in their communities according to the meanings they derive about their environment, whether online or offline, from those interactions. It is particularly important in microsociology and social psychology. It is the shared understanding and interpretations of meaning that affect the interaction between individuals. Snow, professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine, suggests four broader and even more basic orienting principles: human agency, interactive determination, symbolization, and emergence. However, she believes advances in technology have changed this. 2015. The interpretation process that occurs between interactions helps create and recreate meaning. Not all SI methods followed the constructionist approaches outlined above. They are noted to not take interest in the history of this sociological approach. Any of these factors might become a topic of sociological study. Words such as conditioning, responding, controlled, imprisoned, and formed are not used to describe the human being in symbolic interaction. Negotiated order theory also applies a structural approach.. 2013. "An Introduction to the Sociological Perspective of Symbolic Interactionism. We will have some assumptions about these people and our behavior towards them will be based on these assumptions that we have made. The focus on the importance of symbols in building a society led sociologists like Erving Goffman (1922–1982) to develop a technique called dramaturgical analysis. Hence, grounded theorists study processes in natural settings and invoke pragmatic criteria of usefulness to evaluate the completed study. Robert K. Merton's Self-Fulfilling Prophecy . This view is when one wishes to make themselves known for who they truly are, not the view of others. Unlike the symbolic interactionist framework, the many theories derived from symbolic interactionism, such as role theory and the versions of identity theory developed by Sheldon Stryker, as well as Peter Burke and colleagues, clearly define concepts and the relationships between them in a given context, thus allowing for the opportunity to develop and test hypotheses. This approach is often used to understand what’s defined as deviant within a society. These incompetencies frame meaning as something that occurs naturally within an interaction under a certain condition, rather than taking into account the basic social context in which interaction is positioned. These perceptions were correlated with the outcomes of withdrawal, self-esteem and isolation from relatives. Gang members act as a family in their own society and there are certain words, gestures, rules and roles that they abide to in this man made society. ", Blumer, Herbert. Symbolic interactionism provides opportunities for analyzing ways in which different socializing experiences affect an individual's life cycle, the argument being that individuals do not react automatically to special stimuli, but through their own constructive processes use symbols to define their actions and meanings and so acquire values and beliefs. ", Handberg, Charlotte, Sally Thorne, Julie Midtgaard, Claus Vinther Nielsen, and Kirsten Lomborg. These incompetencies frame meaning as something that occurs naturally within an interaction under a certain condition, rather than taking into account the basic social context in which interaction is positioned. , While having less influential work in the discipline, Charles Horton Cooley and William Isaac Thomas are considered to be influential representatives of the theory. 2013.  He believed that the "Most human and humanizing activity that people engage in is talking to each other.  It is a framework that helps understand how society is preserved and created through repeated interactions between individuals.
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