As for Quayle, he’s the one who corrected the student, incorrectly telling him to add an e to the end of the singular word potato.  The center is named for the late Dr. Charles M. Rick, a pioneer in tomato genetics research. The Aztecs used tomatoes in their cooking at the time of the Spanish conq…  A fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 5–10–10 is often sold as tomato fertilizer or vegetable fertilizer, although manure and compost are also used. Also note that quite a few words can be spelled either way, including. They were not part of the average person's diet, and though by 1820 they were described as "to be seen in great abundance in all our vegetable markets" and to be "used by all our best cooks", reference was made to their cultivation in gardens still "for the singularity of their appearance", while their use in cooking was associated with exotic Italian or Jewish cuisine.. [unreliable source?] , After an insect attack tomato plants produce systemin, a plant peptide hormone . , The devastating tomato hornworm has a major predator in various parasitic wasps, whose larvae devour the hornworm, but whose adult form drinks nectar from tiny-flowered plants like umbellifers. , Tomatoes being collected from the field, Maharashtra, India, In 2018, world production of tomatoes was 182 million tonnes, with China accounting for 34% of the total, followed by India, the United States, and Turkey as major producers (table).  This name came into wide use, but was technically in breach of the plant naming rules because Linnaeus's species name lycopersicum still had priority. , Alexander W. Livingston receives much credit for developing numerous varieties of tomato for both home and commercial gardeners. Corporations including Heinz, Monsanto, BHNSeed, and Bejoseed have breeding programs that attempt to improve production, size, shape, color, flavor, disease tolerance, pest tolerance, nutritional value, and numerous other traits.  Tomatoes were grown mainly as ornamentals early on after their arrival in Italy. , A machine-harvestable variety of tomato (the "square tomato") was developed in the 1950s by University of California, Davis's Gordie C. Hanna, which, in combination with the development of a suitable harvester, revolutionized the tomato-growing industry. The Nahuatl (the language used by the Aztecs) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato derived. Once you make your initial purchase of heirlooms, you'll be able to do this year after…. In France, Italy and northern Europe, the tomato was initially grown as an ornamental plant.  Both names, however, will probably be found in the literature for some time. :15, The Aztecs raised several varieties of tomato, with red tomatoes called xictomatl and green tomatoes called tomatl (Tomatillo). © 2020 Lawless English. How is tomato pronounced? Small amounts of tomato foliage are sometimes used for flavoring without ill effect, and the green fruit of unripe red tomato varieties is sometimes used for cooking, particularly as fried green tomatoes. The tomato is often thought to be a vegetable, but it is technically the fruit of the tomato plant. A complete fertilizer with a balanced supply of the three major nutrients, such as 10-10-10 or 5-10-10, is a better choice for tomato plants at initial planting time. If you are eating Italian, Spanish, or South American food, there is a high probability that your dish will contain the delicious red food that goes by the name tomato. Tomatoes, its plural form, means more than one tomato. The stamens were, and remain, entirely within the closed corolla. The -es suffix is designated for verbs. Tomato, being the name of a New World plant, might have entered the English language first in the Americas, where it would have had more time to undergo anglicization in American mouths. For instance, linkage drag is a phenomenon that has been responsible for alterations in the metabolism of the tomato fruit. It was then adopted widely as it is well suited to India's climate, with Uttarakhand as one of the main producers. , Breeders have turned to using wild tomato species as a source of alleles for the introduction of beneficial traits into modern tomato varieties. The first commercially available genetically modified food was a variety of tomato named the Flavr Savr, which was engineered to have a longer shelf life.