The state was also affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and in 2018 received the worst flooding in nearly a century. and Multinational corporations like KPMG, Ernst & Young, EXL Service, Etisalat DB Telecom, Nielsen Audio, Xerox ACS, Tata ELXSI etc.  The Malabar Special Police was formed by the colonial government in 1884 headquartered at Malappuram. After his death, in the absence of a strong central power, the state was divided into thirty small warring principalities; the most powerful of them were the kingdom of Zamorin of Kozhikode in the north, Venad in the south, Kochi in the middle, and Kannur in the far north.  The revenue from tourism increased five-fold between 2001 and 2011 and crossed the ₹ 190 billion mark in 2011.  Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC) is the busiest railway station in the state.  According to a survey by economics research firm Indicus Analytics in 2007, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kozhikode, Thrissur, Kochi are among the "best cities in India to live"; the survey used parameters such as health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment to rank the cities..  People in Kerala experience elevated incidence of cancers, liver and kidney diseases.  These elephants are mainly employed for the processions and displays associated with festivals celebrated all around the state.  In respect of female empowerment, some negative factors such as higher suicide rate, lower share of earned income, child marriage, complaints of sexual harassment and limited freedom are reported. Over 16.7 million tourists visited Kerala in 2018 as against 15.76 million the previous year, recording an increase of 5.93 per cent. Kerala is one first Indian state with a literacy level of 100%.  On 1 October 2011, Kerala became the first state in the country to have at least one banking facility in every village. And the staff at the resort always appreciate it when you make the effort to learn a few words of their native language. 1 in child sex abuse complaints; Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra follow", "Conviction rate up, Kerala tops with over 77% link", "Population of homeless in rural India dips", "CM told to pursue Zero Homeless Kerala project link", "Kerala-becomes-Indias-first-complete-digital-state link", "The road to universal health care in State", "Kerala as good as US, OECD in saving newborn children – Times of India", "Why Kerala is the best place in India to die", "Water quality and health status in Kollam Municipality", "Diabetic patients: Kerala tops list of Indian states", "Kerala Named World's First WHO-UNICEF "Baby-Friendly State, "Indian state wins 'baby-friendly' award", "Kerala becomes first state to provide free cancer treatment – Free Press Journal", "Health Statistics and Public Health issues in Kerala", "Health crisis in Kerala: The increase in cancer, kidney and liver diseases – The Economic Times", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Kerala government to appoint officer to study issues of linguistic minorities", "Population by religious community – 2011", "Social capital as a product of class mobilization and state intervention: Industrial workers in Kerala, India", "Increase in Muslim population in the State", "Kerala, not Goa, has maximum no. The Blasters are one of the most widely supported clubs in the country as well as one of the most followed sports team from Asia in the social media. Kurup, the last two mentioned being recipients of Jnanpith award, the highest literary award in India. Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; David de Beth Hillel, 1832; Lord, James Henry 1977. Nurturing Ayurvedic Treatments, About Paramhansa Yogananda This phenomenon is locally called chakara.  The state experiences several natural hazards like landslides, floods and droughts.  Kerala natanam, Thirayattam, Kaliyattam, Theyyam, Koothu and Padayani are other dance forms associated with the temple culture of the region. In the lakes, wetlands, and waterways, fish such as Kadu, Red Line Torpedo Barb and choottachi; orange chromide—Etroplus maculatus are found. Other than civilian airports, Kochi has a naval airport named INS Garuda.  Lulu International Shopping Mall at Kochi is the largest Shopping Mall in India. Sreekumar, Vayalar Rama Varma, V. Madhusoodanan Nair, M.T.   However, the Human Development Report 2005, prepared by Centre for Development Studies envisages a virtuous phase of inclusive development for the state since the advancement in human development had already started aiding the economic development of the state.  The Kochi ruler sued for peace with Anizham Thirunal and Malabar came under direct British rule until India became independent. The media, telecommunications, broadcasting and cable services are regulated by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).  Other popular sports include badminton, basketball and kabaddi.