There are many goddesses called Artemis associated with different ancient cities. On the day of Pentecost, Peter stood with the eleven. Marg Mowczko lives north of Sydney, Australia, in a house filled with three generations of family. Jews, Greeks, men, women, free, and slave are equal in Christ (Galatians 3:28). Apostle Paul told Titus to teach the older women, who are widows, to teach the younger women, who are married. S. M. Baugh (1999:449) notes that “Strabo, Pliny the Elder, Dio Chrysostom, Pausanias, Xenophon of Ephesus, Achilles Tatius, nor any other ancient author speaks explicitly or even hints at cult prostitution in either the narrow or broad sense in Ephesus of any period.”,  On July 21, 356 BC, the temple of Artemis was destroyed by fire. One of these business proprietors was a wealthy silversmith named Demetrius.  (More on the costume of Artemis here. From my studies I’ve learned that this phrase means exactly what it says to the common reader; and that without having to go through a gauntlet of textual, archiological, and linguist gymnastics to come to the conclusion you have of this passage. I enjoy the opportunity to discuss these concepts with someone clearly as knowledgeable as you. Ephesus has been well studied, and there is a wealth of ancient documents and inscriptions concerning the city that survive to the present day. Like the Greek Artemis, the Ephesian Artemis was seen as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and as the twin sister of Apollo (whom she delivered despite being only a few days older than her brother.) It is believed that John wrote his gospel from Ephesus. Apostle Paul stated that if there is no resurrection, then there is no Christianity. Anti-Semitism is sin in Christ. Now before you open your mouth to say that there are no ordained priests in Christianity. Thank you! Become a Patron! Jesus the Christ composed Holy Scripture. Prophetess Mariam did not compose Holy Scripture (Exodus 15:20-21)?? During the Roman period, the goddess and her cult took on some Roman features. ), The illustration below depicts an above-ground nest of the common bumblebee Bombus terrestris. Whose seven daughters were slain by Artemis? She also carried bows and javelins, and her hunting dogs followed. Cybele was just one of many gods and goddesses worshipped in Ephesus. If Eve being cursed means that the woman (as in the wife cuz that is what woman means in Genesis 2 and not woman as in female) will give birth in pain and yet will still sexually desire her husband and that she is dominated by sexual desire for her husband (dominated sexually by her husband) means that she is subhuman or can not hold religious and political roles than Adam, who is a husband (and not an UNMARRIED male), being DOUBLED cursed means that he is an animal or can not DOUBLE hold religious and political roles. Apostle Matthew, Apostle Mark, Apostle Luke, and Apostle John were His scribes! 3:28). Since these things cannot be denied, you ought to be quiet and do nothing rash” (Acts 19:35). Approximately four hundred statues and figurines of her still survive today.  More recent scholars regard Artemis as a saviour goddess (e.g., Rogers 2012:7). At Home with Priscilla and Aquila. This defection from Artemis threatened the businesses of the people who made shrines and statues of Artemis. Priscilla and Aquila had a house church there. In Greek mythology, Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. It addresses the bad behaviour of a woman in Ephesus. Of course not! Anti-Semitism is from the devil. Marg has a BTh from the Australian College of Ministries and an MA with a specialisation in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie University.  See especially Acts 19:24-28, 35-37. According to Genesis 1, men and women had the same status, the same authority, and the same purpose. Despite the pervasive presence and formidable force of Artemis, a strong church was established in Ephesus. First Adam was created, then Eve – his equal “bone of bone and flesh of flesh”, yet one who comes from him and for him.  The Ephesia Grammata (literally “Ephesian letters of the alphabet”) were six “magic” words. Tradition holds that both were buried there. There is no doubt that patriarchy is the backdrop for the Bible, beginning with Genesis 3:16. Clement of Alexandria identifies some of these other goddesses (with odd-sounding epithets): An Artemis, named “the Strangled”, is worshipped by the Arcadians, as Callimachus says in his Book of Causes; and at Methymna another Artemis had divine honours paid her, namely, Artemis Condylitis. Christianity is derived from her testimony and her witness to the crucifixion and resurrection of Lord Jesus the Christ. There is also the temple of another Artemis, Artemis Podagra or “the Gout”, in Laconica .  She was considered a virgin and, unlike mother goddesses, she was not associated with any male consort or god. Michael Kusi! There are many other statements which can be drawn directly from the Bible which are about wise and godly women who were leaders in biblical times, women who were respected and valued by their communities and by men such as Barak, King Josiah’s delegation, Mordechai, King Lemuel, Apollos, and others. I don’t recall coming across the idea of Artemis protecting innocent animals, but Ron Pierce knows a lot more than I do. The many priests employed in the temple performed animal sacrifices. In archaic Canaan, she was called Asherah, a name that appears frequently in the Old Testament. The first shrine to the goddess Artemis was probably built around 800 BC and may have contained a sacred stone—possibly a meteorite (cf. For example, they were spoken in exorcisms (Plutarch’s Moralia 706 de), and spoken over a bridal couple for their protection (Men. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Leadership roles has not been given by God throughout the Bible after the fall (see Genesis 3:16). Greeks thought that bees reproduced asexually; therefore they associated the insect with chastity.” Perhaps the bees are symbolic of the goddess’s virginal status. The Hunters of Artemis are gifted with excellent ranged capabilities and hunting skills, possess eternal youth as long as they do not fall in battle or break their vows of rejecting males, and immensely enjoy hunting at Artemis's side. The cult of Artemis Ephesia in the first century AD was distinct from the cult of Cybele. because she bragged that she was better than their mother, Leto. Nevertheless, it seems that by the first century AD, the Ephesian Artemis/Diana had some association with hunting. ), A miniature model of the Artemis temple without the decorative gilding. The next temple took 120 years to build and was partially funded by the proverbially wealthy King Croesus of Lydia who conquered Ephesus in 550 BC. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In Babylon and Assyria, she was called Ishtar. After the Ionians settled in Ephesus in around 1100 BC, they named the indigenous Ephesian goddess after their Greek goddess Artemis.. Clement also identifies a Tauric Artemis in chapter 3 and the Ephesian Artemis in chapter 4. It was rebuilt in 323 BC with no expense spared. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores?  Robert Fleischer (1973) has shown that the bumps are not part of the goddess’s body but represent removable parts of her clothing or adornments. Furthermore, the bee was a symbol of Ephesus and this symbol appears on some Ephesian coins. Part 2 – Artemis of Ephesus and her Temple It was previously thought, however, that Artemis of Ephesus had some similarities with ancient mother goddesses. (More about Artemis’s clothing and its symbolism here. The Seleucid kings introduced this goddess to the lands they controlled. She probably originated as a tree spirit and may have shared some attributes with other gods and goddesses of Anatolia. All articles on topics related to 1 Timothy 2:12 are here. (Murphy-O’Connor 2008:44) Furthermore, the temple was “filled with great works of art” (Rogers 2012:7). The answer is we don’t. In the Old Testament, pagan practices meshed with orthodox worship practices in which shrine prostitutes became involved. The Ephesian and Greek Artemises shared the same birthday, the 6th of May. In Titus 1:5- when Paul asked Titus to ordain elders in every city, the qualifications given concerned men.