Most studies show that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan). Although the fruit contain little flesh, it contains much concentrated red juice which can stain clothing and bricks. Why Yoshino Cherry Trees? The Yoshino cherry tree, Prunus x yedoensis, is a more upright cultivar with white blossoms, growing to a height of 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9.2 meters), but it has a single weeping type called Shidare Yoshino, which also grows to a similar size. The leaves are alternately arranged, 6 to 15 centimeters (2.4–5.9 in) long and 4 to 7 centimeters (1.6–2.8 in) broad, with a serrated margin; they are often bronze-toned when newly emerged, becoming dark green by summer. This findings suggests that P. pendula is female parent of P. yedoensis. In 2016, the phylogenetic analysis of nrDNA ITS data and the cpDNA haplotype network analysis suggested that independent origin between King cherry and yoshino cherry, respectively.  It occurs as a natural or artificial hybrid in Japan, and is now one of the most popular and widely planted cultivated flowering cherries (sakura) in temperate climates worldwide. In 1986, Takafumi Kaneko et al. Do they bear fruit? Restriction analysis of ctDNA of 11 Prunus species", "Origins of Japanese flowering cherry (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) cultivars revealed using nuclear SSR markers", "Origin of Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' based on sequence analysis of PolA1 gene", "Analyses of Clonal Status in 'Somei-yoshino' and Confirmation of Genealogical Record in Other Cultivars of Prunus × yedoensis by Microsatellite Markers", "Diversity and breeding of flowering cherry in Japan", "The origin of flowering cherry on oceanic islands: The saga continues in Jeju Island", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_×_yedoensis&oldid=979903931, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1963, Takenaka assumed that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between. Pilgrim Hill in New York City's Central Park is popular for its groves of pale flowering Yoshino cherry trees as they burst into bloom in the spring.. Prunus × yedoensis, Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' or Yoshino cherry (Japanese: 染井吉野 Somei Yoshino) (synonym Cerasus × yedoensis) is a hybrid cherry of between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) as father plant and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan) as mother. conducted DNA fingerprinting study using different kinds of probes, M13 repeat sequence and (GACA), In 2014, Shuri Kato et al.  As for the Korean native cherry called King cherry which was given a scientific name Prunus yedoensis var. Prunus × yedoensis is a small, deciduous tree that grows to be 5 to 12 meters (16–39 ft) (rarely 15 meters (49 ft)) tall at maturity. The fruit is only marginally sweet to the human palate. Yoshino cherry trees can reach a maximum height of 30-50 feet. How fast do they grow? conducted molecular analysis using nuclear simple sequence repeat (SSR) polymorphisms to trace cultivar origins and Bayesian clustering based on the STRUCTURE analysis using SSR genotypes revealed that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between, In 2015, Ikuo Nakamura et al. nudiflora, nov. var", "Prunus xyedoensis 'Somei-yoshino', a Correct Cultivar Name for Yoshino Cherry", "Studies on the origin of crop species by restriction endonuclease analysis of organellar DNA. The Most Popular Flowering Cherry Tree Available. In 1900, Yorinaga Fujino [ja] gave the Yoshino cherry the name Somei-yoshino after the famous place of cultivation, Somei village (current day Toshima). Yoshino cherry showed no interplant variation of ctDNA and had the same ctDNA as P. pendula (Edo higan), differing from P. lannesiana (Oshima zakura) by a single HindIII restriction site. Yoshino cherry trees grow at a rate of roughly 1-2 feet per year. The flowers emerge before the leaves in early spring; they are fragrant, 3 to 3.5 centimeters (1.2–1.4 in) in diameter, with five white or pale pink petals. ascendens (Edo higan) and Prunus lannesiana (Oshima zakura) in 1916, Yoshino cherry came to be called Prunus × yedoensis.  In 1901, Yoshino cherry was given a scientific name Prunus yedoensis by Jinzō Matsumura. Names. A new name, 'Somei-yoshino' is proposed in accordance with other cultivars of Prunus × yedoensis.. Growth Rate: Moderate: Botanical Name: Prunus x yedoensis: Does Not Ship To: AZ, CA, WA: Grows Well In Zones: 5-8 outdoors You are in Growing Zone: # Growing Zones: 5-8 outdoors (hardy down to -10℉) Product Description. , With its fragrant, light pink flowers, manageable size, and elegant shape, the Yoshino cherry is often used as an ornamental tree. Yoshino cherry is believed to be endemic to Yoshino District, Nara.In 1900, Yorinaga Fujino  gave the Yoshino cherry the name Somei-yoshino after the famous place of cultivation, Somei village (current day Toshima). A cherry tree’s blooms are iconic, and the Yoshino is no exception. In 1901, Yoshino cherry was given a scientific name Prunus yedoensis by Jinzō Matsumura. nudiflora by a German botanist Bernhard Adalbert Emil Koehne in 1912 continues to be called Prunus yedoensis.  The National Cherry Blossom Festival is a spring celebration in Washington, D.C., commemorating the 1912 gift of Japanese cherry trees from Tokyo to the city of Washington. In 1995, Hideki Innan et al. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Yoshino Cherry Prunus x yedoensis TreesCharlotte.org Category: Deciduous Growth Rate: Average Adaptability: Full sun Shape: Rounded and Vase Shaped Size: 15-25’ tall, 15-25’ wide Fall Color: Yellow Description: Spring flowers are the best ornamental feature. Several of 2,000 Japanese cherry trees given to the citizens of Toronto by the citizens of Tokyo in 1959 were planted in High Park. These trees grow rather quickly, at a pace of about 3 to 4 feet per year in optimal conditions. Yoshino Cherry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yoshino Cherry grows quickly to 20 feet, has beautiful bark marked with prominent lenticels but is a relatively short-lived tree (Fig. The fruit, a small cherry, is a globose drupe 8 to 10 millimeters (0.31–0.39 in) in diameter; they are an important source of food for many small birds and mammals, including robins and thrushes. Mature Yoshino Cherry. , The Yoshino cherry has no scientific cultivar name because it is the original cultivar of this hybrid species Prunus × yedoensis. analyzed sequences of, In 1908, a French missionary Taquet discovered a native cherry in Jeju islands, Korea and in 1912 a German botanist, In 1933, the Japanese botanist Gen'ichi Koizumi reported that Yoshino cherry originated on, In 1995 DNA fingerprinting technology was used to conclude that Yoshino cherry grown in many parts of Japan under the name, In 2007, a study conducted on the comparison of Japanese Yoshino cherry and Korean. Yoshino cherry trees on Pilgrim Hill in Central Park in New York City. 1). Fujino. Growth Rates. , Media related to Prunus × yedoensis at Wikimedia Commons, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Genetic characterization of flowering cherries (, Online Resource 5. Young trees may reach 10 to 15 feet in as little as three or four years. It has upright to horizontal branching, making it ideal for planting along walks and over patios. Yes, but the fruit is too bitter for people to enjoy. ‘Morioka-pendula’ (盛岡枝垂, Morioka-shidare), ‘Pendula’ (枝垂大臭桜), Shidare-ookusai-zakura, ‘Perpendens’ (枝垂染井吉野, Shidare-somei-yoshino), This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:38.  This is sometimes rendered as 'Somei-Yoshino'. It grows well in hardiness zones 5–8, and does well in full sun and moist but well-drained soil. Prunus × yedoensis has many cultivars other than 'Somei-yoshino'. Many cultivars have been selected; notable examples include 'Akebono', 'Ivensii', and 'Shidare Yoshino'.. They are planted in the Tidal Basin park. Excellent medium-sized tree for lawns, along streets, adjacent to decks or patios. carried out restriction endonuclease analysis on chloroplast ctDNA. However, it is very appealing to birds, including robins. They first offered them as Yoshinozakura, but in 1900, they were renamed someiyoshino by Dr. The Yoshino cherry grows to a height of 40–50' and a spread of 25–40' at maturity.
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